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Change of Societies: NCERT class 8 history notes

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NCERT social chapter for class 6  gives an overview of the ancient societies, including the artifacts and findings that archaeologists have been able to recover from them and the ancient legends handed down to us by oral tradition. To get good grades you must know this chapter thoroughly and practice Ncert solutions for class 6 social science

How did society change from prehistory to 40000 BC?

The first humans began to live on earth around 2.3 million years ago. During this time, they were hunter-gatherers and had to adapt to changing environmental conditions.

Around 1.8 million years ago, humans began to use tools and make shelters. This led to an increase in social interactions and improved hunting skills. Around this time, human intelligence also began to develop.

Around 500,000 BC, humans began to domesticate animals and start farming. This led to an increase in the population and dietary habits.

About the hunter-gatherer society

Hunter-gatherer societies are societies that rely primarily on hunting and gathering to obtain food. These societies have a very different way of life than those in more developed societies. There are many different criteria that must be met for a society to be considered hunter-gatherer, but some of the most important factors are that the society operates without domesticated animals, their economy is based on trading items such as goods, crops, or other goods, and they live in small groups.

Hunter-gatherer societies are some of the earliest forms of human societies. They are also some of the most egalitarian, as all members of society share the same resources and opportunities. This makes it difficult to determine when a society has reached a certain stage of development, as there is no single factor that can be used to measure success. However, some key factors that have been found to influence development include division of labor, social networks, and technology.

Hunter-gatherer societies are characterized by a lack of division of labor and social stratification. This allows for a more egalitarian society, as all members share in the same resources and opportunities. Division of labor allows for specialization in different areas and allows for an increase in productivity. It is also important to note that hunter-gatherer societies do not rely on technology for their survival. Instead, they rely on their natural environment to provide them with food and shelter. This means that they are able to adapt quickly to changes in their environment.

Social networks play an important role in hunter-gatherer societies. Social networks help to distribute resources and connect members of society with each other.

Hunter-gatherer societies are a fascinating and unique way of life. These societies have been around for millions of years, and they vary greatly in their abilities to thrive. Some hunter-gatherer societies are quite successful, while others are not so lucky. What causes this difference?

There are many factors that contribute to the success or failure of hunter-gatherer societies. Some of these include the environment in which the society exists, the strategies used by the society to survive, and the level of cooperation among its members.

Some hunter-gatherer societies are able to thrive because they live in environments that are favorable for them. For example, some hunter-gatherer societies live in tropical rainforests where there is plenty of food available. Other hunter-gatherer societies live in arctic environments where it is difficult to find food. Regardless of the environment, however, all hunter-gatherer societies must rely on cooperation to survive.

Hunter-gatherer societies use different strategies to survive than other societies. These strategies include hunting and gathering, scavenging, and living off the land. Hunter-gatherer societies that hunt and gather use weapons such as spears or bows and arrows to kill animals

How did society change after 30000 BC?

The earliest people that you know of lived in the Stone Age. The Stone Age was when people used tools made out of stone to survive. Although this period was challenging, it also allowed for the development of society and culture.

How was life like for the earliest people before farming

The earliest people before farming may have had a difficult time obtaining food. According to a chapter from NCERT Class on the trial of the early people, life for these earliest humans may have been quite challenging.

Farming allowed for an increase in population, which led to the rise in available food. Before agriculture, early humans would have to gather their food from land not cultivated. This could be a difficult task, especially if the terrain was challenging or if there were animals present that could block their access to food.

With agriculture, early humans could grow crops and store harvested food. This allowed them to survive during periods of famine or drought. It also allowed them to trade with other tribes or cultures, which gave them access to new resources and innovations.


One of the most important findings was no concrete evidence to support the theory that early humans migrated out of Africa. Instead, it seems more likely that early humans evolved in other parts of the world and then migrated to Africa.

Another finding was that there is no evidence to support the idea that early humans were cannibals. Most evidence suggests that early humans ate plants and meat interchangeably.

Finally, it was revealed that social science solutions that early humans did not use tools extensively. Instead, they used them for hunting and gathering food.


To get a good grasp of the topic read the above information carefully. Try to create mind maps for long-term memory. Alongside, practice the Infinity Learn solutions guide for good grades.

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